The Safety and Effectiveness of an In-Depth Esmarch Tourniquet Technique in Achieving Target Pressures for Pediatric Upper Extremity Surgery
Keywords:Esmarch, pressure, tourniquet, upper extremity surgery, children
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the appropriate number of turns required for an Esmarch tourniquet, using commonly sized Esmarch bandages, to achieve a pressure target of at least 150 mm Hg during pediatric upper extremity surgery.
Methods: Twenty participants who underwent upper extremity surgery were included in the study. Two surgeons used 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages to apply an Esmarch tourniquet to each participant’s arm. The pressure and number of turns were recorded from the second to fifth turns. The pressure was measured using a pressure sensor device.
Results: At the third turn of both the 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages, a 150 mm Hg pressure was achieved in all participants. Intra-observer reliability resulted was “good”; however, inter-observer revealed “poor” reliability.
Conclusions: The Esmarch tourniquet is an effective and safe method for creating a bloodless operative field for upper extremity surgery in pediatric patients. The results of this present study suggested the application of three turns of the 2- and 3-inch-sized Esmarch bandages.
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